The Safety and Effectiveness of an In-Depth Esmarch Tourniquet Technique in Achieving Target Pressures for Pediatric Upper Extremity Surgery

Authors

  • Kanchai Malungpaishrope, MD Upper Extremity and Reconstructive Microsurgery Unit, Institute of Orthopaedics, Lerdsin General Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Rangsit University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Prapasiri Charoensri, MD Upper Extremity and Reconstructive Microsurgery Unit, Institute of Orthopaedics, Lerdsin General Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Rangsit University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Piyabuth Kittithamvongs, MD Upper Extremity and Reconstructive Microsurgery Unit, Institute of Orthopaedics, Lerdsin General Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Rangsit University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Navapong Anantavorasakul, MD Upper Extremity and Reconstructive Microsurgery Unit, Institute of Orthopaedics, Lerdsin General Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Rangsit University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Chairoj Uerpairojkit, MD Upper Extremity and Reconstructive Microsurgery Unit, Institute of Orthopaedics, Lerdsin General Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Rangsit University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Somsak Leechavengvongs, MD Upper Extremity and Reconstructive Microsurgery Unit, Institute of Orthopaedics, Lerdsin General Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Rangsit University, Bangkok, Thailand

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.56929/jseaortho-2023-0188

Keywords:

Esmarch, pressure, tourniquet, upper extremity surgery, children

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to determine the appropriate number of turns required for an Esmarch tourniquet, using commonly sized Esmarch bandages, to achieve a pressure target of at least 150 mm Hg during pediatric upper extremity surgery.

Methods: Twenty participants who underwent upper extremity surgery were included in the study. Two surgeons used 2- and 3-inch-sized Esmarch bandages to apply an Esmarch tourniquet to each participant’s arm. The pressure and number of turns were recorded from the second to fifth turns. The pressure was measured using a pressure sensor device.

Results: At the third turn of both the 2- and 3-inch-sized Esmarch bandages, a 150 mm Hg pressure was achieved in all participants. Intra-observer reliability resulted was “good”; however, inter-observer revealed “poor” reliability.

Conclusions: The Esmarch tourniquet is an effective and safe method for creating a bloodless operative field for upper extremity surgery in pediatric patients. The results of this present study suggested the application of three turns of the 2- and 3-inch-sized Esmarch bandages.

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References

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Published

2023-08-01

How to Cite

1.
Malungpaishrope K, Charoensri P, Kittithamvongs P, Anantavorasakul N, Uerpairojkit C, Leechavengvongs S. The Safety and Effectiveness of an In-Depth Esmarch Tourniquet Technique in Achieving Target Pressures for Pediatric Upper Extremity Surgery. JseaOrtho [Internet]. 2023 Aug. 1 [cited 2024 Jul. 16];48(1):3-7. Available from: https://jseaortho.org/index.php/jsao/article/view/188

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